Basketball was invented in the year 1891 in the city of Springfield, belonging to the state of Massachusetts, in the United States of America. It is for this reason that in this city is where the Basketball Hall of Fame is located.
The architect of the invention was James Naismith, a military chaplain and physical education teacher born in 1861 in the city of Almonte, Canada.
Naismith worked as a Physical Education teacher at the Young Men’s Christian Association in Springfield. Since the winters in this area were very hard, the students were faced with many obstacles when it came to practicing a sport during that season. Naismith then saw the need to devise some sports practice that could be carried out in a place with a roof. Naismith then wrote the original rules of basketball, which, of course, have been changing over time.
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As a curiosity, in the first basketball games that Naismith played with his students, boxes of peaches were used instead of baskets.
In the year 1898 Naismith obtained the Medicine degree, and at the same time, he began to work in the University of Kansas, in which was designated to direct, in the year 1919, to the Kansas Jayhawks. In the year 1925, he obtained the American nationality.